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Classical Management Approach

Classical management approach is dated back to the Industrial Revolution. the classical approach was an approach that places reliance on such management principals as unity of command, a balance between authority and responsibility, division of labor, and delegation to establish relationships between managers and subordinates. This approach constitutes the core of the discipline of management and the process of management.

Classical Management approach is divided into three parts:

  • Scientific management
  • Administrative management
  • Quantitative management

Scientific management approach :

The first theory in Classical management approach is Scientific management  that analyzed with the objective of improving labor productivity.The idea of scientific management was given by Fredrick W.Taylor in the 1880’s.Frank Gilberth & Lilan Gilberth also devoted their lives exploring different aspects of management.

Principles of Scientific Management:

Taylor gives four principles of scientific management

1.      Study every part of the task and develop a standard method to perform it.
2.      Select workers carefully to do a specific job.
3.      Co-operate with workers and ensure them that they are using correct method.
4.      Divide work and responsibility so management is responsible for planning work methods using scientific principles and workers are responsible for executing the work accordingly.

Today :It is important because it could raise countries standards of living by making workers more productive and efficient.If the worker is friendly with his tools and techniques then he will do his job happily.

Administrative management approach:

 Administrative management is the second important theory in Classical management approach it means to create an organizational structure that leads to high efficiency and accuracy. Administrative management basically focuses on how a business should be organized and the practices an effective manager should follow .Henri Fayol described management a function of five elements :

  • Planning
  • Organizing
  • Commanding
  • Coordinating
  • Controlling

Fayol also gives his principles consisting of 14 points about  administrative management.

Max Weber also gives his idea about bureaucratic approach which is all about formal selection,authority hirerachy,rules & regulation,career orientation and division of labors etc.

Today : Today the termAdministration is taken as negative. It is associated with the endless rules,but still they provide a standard way to deal with employees i-e equal affection for all employees.

Quantitative management approach:

 Basically Quantitative approach is introduced by some retired army personals.It means to work effectively in a modern business organization wheather the organization is a private commercial company or a governmental agency. The quantitative methods has many attributes like, they employ reasonable data to obtain useful results, assume various plans for achieving objectives, choose appropriate sampling method.

Deming and Dr.Joseph Juran gives the concept of “Total Quality Management”.

Today: Quantitative management is all about customers satisfaction.If the customer is not satisfied with your work then you are no good at this.When customer pays your desired amount to do a specific job for him and at the end you can’t achieve the goal your customer wanted to be than its obvious that customer won’t satisfy. Managers must create a customer-responsive organization where employees are friendly and  accessible, knowledgeable, and willing to do what’s necessary to please the customer.

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